caucasian mountain dog

caucasian mountain dog

Let’s know about the caucasian mountain dog.

Height:22 – 34 inches
weight:100 – 220 pounds
Life span:10 – 12 years
colour’s:white, brown, red, black
Suitable for:Experienced dog owners and trainers who have enough assets to keep this huge breed
Mood:Loyal, Courageous, Fierce, Protective, Territorial, Intelligent, Courageous

The Caucasian Mountain Dog, also known as the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, is a massive dog that can reach upwards of 220 pounds. While they usually average out to 100+ pounds, that is a lot of dogs to train and raise. These beautiful canines are as fierce dogs as you can get, but they are also loyal to a fault.

caucasian mountain dog

Originally bred to guard livestock and protect the lives of people in the dangerous mountainous regions from which they got their name, they are always ready to work hard and are highly intelligent as well. They are fiercely protective of their owners, as they were bred to fight wolves, jackals, bears, and even trespassers on their master’s land. It is best if this breed is adopted by someone who is very experienced with dogs, or a trainer who has the patience and space available for this huge dog to roam.

If you are considering adopting one of these dogs, we have everything you need to know about them to help you make the right decision. Remember, a giant dog is a lot of responsibility, so think carefully before you decide to take home one of these beautiful pets.

Caucasian Mountain Dog Puppies – Before You Buy…

Before buying a Caucasian Mountain Dog puppy, it is important to note that in most cases they are noticeably larger. These dogs are both muscular and protective as adults. However, the Caucasian Mountain Dog is a full ball of cuteness before they develop into giant beasts.

Because of their size, these adorable puppies need a firm hand when it comes to training. Because they are stubborn and strong-willed, they can resist training, so it requires an owner with a firm but patient hand to teach them.

While your puppy will be fine in a small space for a few weeks, it is not going to last. Therefore, if you do not have a room where he can get out to run and exercise, this is not the right choice of pet dog for you.

What is the cost of Caucasian Mountain Dog puppies?

This breed is accepted by the American Kennel Club so they must come with full papers. However, they require a lot of food and lots of space. There are quite a hefty prices on the Caucasian Mountain Dog, especially when it comes to running costs.

While you should be able to easily find a breeder to buy a Caucasian Mountain Dog puppy from, it is best to research that breeder first. You want the breeder facilities to be spotless, and that the breeder has a reputation for breeding healthy puppies, and that the puppies you are considering are healthy as well.

The cost of this breed of puppy that is not of champion ancestry will easily run you between $1,200 to $1,500.

A puppy of this breed coming from Champion parents runs from $2,500 and up if you want a puppy from a proven bloodline.

If possible, ask to see the mother-in-law of the puppy you choose. You will be able to tell if they are sick and pass some on to your puppy genetically. Also, look out for any health problems that may be predominant in the parents of the puppies that could affect your puppy as they get older.

3 Little Known Facts About the Caucasian Mountain Dog

1. The Caucasian Mountain Dog Has Many Different Names

As mentioned at the beginning of our article, the Caucasian Mountain Dog is also known as the Caucasian Shepherd Dog. What many future owners don’t realize is that the dog also has some other names. They are known as Caucasian Sheepdogs, Baskhan Fairies, Russian Bear Dogs and a few more.

If you are looking to adopt a Caucasian Mountain Dog, don’t get confused by the many different names, they all come from the same dog breed.

2. Caucasian Mountain Dogs Make Great Guard Dogs

This breed of dog is very territorial, so if you are looking for a guard dog, this is the dog you need. Known for fighting wolves and bears to protect their family, they are still courageous, loyal, and extremely protective of those who think of themselves as their family.

3. They Make Great Therapy Dogs

It’s hard to believe that a dog that grows so big can be kind and friendly, but the Caucasian Mountain Dog fits the bill. They make good therapy dogs and can be very gentle. However, they do require quite extensive training to make them gentle dogs.

Caucasian mountain dog temperament and intelligence

While this breed can be calm, loyal and gentle with family, they have a wide variety of personalities. The fact that this breed is protective of their territory and can be aggressive when it comes to protecting their families makes training them challenging, especially when they decide to get stubborn.

This breed is intelligent and can be trained, but it is best for them to go to an experienced trainer who can handle them. Once trained, they make excellent guard dogs, working dogs and therapy dogs, as they can be gentle and loving.

Are these dogs good for families?

This dog breed is in dire need of protection and would make a good guard dog. They love their families, but they are still not the right choice for families that have children. Since they are so large, often weighing 200+ pounds, it would be all too easy for them to seriously injure a small, minor child by accidentally running into them.

This is not to say that you cannot have a Caucasian Mountain Dog as a family pet. However, doing so requires exceptional training by an exceptional, experienced instructor. If you are not an experienced trainer or do not have one in your family, it is best to keep this breed in a family that does not have young children.

Does this breed get along with other pets?

Because this breed is so territorial, they have a hard time getting along with other animals. The Caucasian Mountain Dog has a difficult time getting along with other animals, especially smaller pets.

Small pets bring out the hunting instincts in this breed. However, if they are trained early and socialized as puppies, there is no reason this breed cannot live in a home that has other pets. You just need to be careful with them.

Things to know when owning a Caucasian Mountain Dog:

Now that you know quite a bit about the Caucasian Mountain Dog, it is time to move on to some other things that you need to know before deciding to buy your look. In this section, we’ll go over food and dietary requirements, exercise, training, grooming, and any health conditions major and minor that you may face after bringing home one of these beautiful animals.

Food and Diet Requirements

As you might expect, it takes a lot of food to feed a 200+ pound dog. Plus, their nutritional requirements are very high, so you can’t feed them cheap and cheap food.

However, it is important to note that this breed tends to gain weight easily. You want to be very careful about how much you are feeding your dog in a day. It is best to divide his food into small portions to prevent him from swallowing and becoming obese.

If you think your dog is gaining too much weight, make an appointment with his vet to see the best food types to feed him.


Surprisingly, this breed does not require much exercise despite being a large breed. Like any other dog, he will need his daily walks, and it is a good idea to get outside and play with him when you can.

Because they are so massive, it takes some energy to keep this breed moving, so 30 minutes of walking a day and a little extra time spent in the exercise department should be enough.


As previously mentioned, this breed can be stubborn and is really difficult to train. Highly intelligent and strongly independent, this breed is not one to learn from a novice trainer. Comprehensive training is important when your dog is a puppy and should be done by an experienced trainer.

The last thing you want to do is not train a Caucasian Mountain Dog properly. An unruly 200-pound dog is not something you want to deal with, trust us.


With a thick, heavy coat, the Caucasian Mountain Dog is full of fur. Your pet needs to be brushed at least twice a week, possibly up to three times a week. Failing to groom your pet properly can cause their fur to become matted and messy.

Be prepared because while this breed sheds daily, they largely shed annually. Make sure you have a brush, vacuum, and broom ready to tackle hair throughout your home.

health and conditions

Like any pet, there will be some serious and minor conditions that you should pay attention to. This breed of dog is no exception, so we will go into the terms to look at below.short terms

  • cataracts

critical conditions

  • hip dysplasia

Short Terms:

Cataracts are something else to look for in Caucasian Mountain Dogs. One symptom of glaucoma is a milky appearance in your pet’s eyes. While not seen as a major problem, glaucoma goes undetected, which can cause your pet’s vision to be completely lost. If you suspect that your dog is developing cataracts, it is essential to take him to your local vet to be examined.

Critical conditions:

The dog is a solid breed with very few serious health issues to look out for. The biggest problem is hip dysplasia. While it can happen to all pets, it occurs most often in large breeds of dogs, and this breed tends to be rampant.

The condition causes rubbing and pain. Eventually, this will make your pet unable to move. There is nothing that can be done for the condition, but you can help your dog lead a comfortable life by managing the condition properly. If you are not sure whether your Caucasian Mountain Dog is showing signs of the condition, make an appointment with your vet. He or she will give you tips on how to manage the condition after diagnosis.

male vs female

The male and female versions of this breed are beautiful in nature as well. However, there are some differences you’ll want to pay attention to when deciding which gender to buy. Females usually reach a maximum of 180 pounds and grow to about 28 inches. Males of this dog breed, however, can top out at 220 and reach 27 to 30 inches in height.

Any of these Caucasian Mountain Dog breeds would make an excellent pet for the right person, so choose wisely and love to bring home the right puppy for your needs.

final thoughts

This concludes our guide on the Caucasian Mountain Dog and tells you everything you need to know to make the final decision. Remember, these dogs are extremely protective, and while they do make better guard dogs, it is probably not the best idea to keep them as a family pet unless they have been trained by a highly experienced trainer.

Once trained, however, the Caucasian Mountain Dog is lovable, intelligent, and makes a great work dog or even a therapy dog ​​for the right person. With proper care, training, and socialization, it would make an excellent pet for someone who has patience, a firm but gentle hand, and plenty of room for this huge animal to roam.