The Mountain Cure is a medium to large purebred American breed and was developed specifically to ward off raccoons and squirrels and to hunt boar and bear. As well as being a hunter, it guarded its master and was also used as an all-purpose agricultural worker. It is a hound and is strong, active, efficient and loving so as well as being a good worker it is also a good family dog in the right home.
|The Mountain Curve at a glance|
|normal size||medium to large|
|average weight||30 to 60 pounds|
|average height||16 to 26 inches|
|Life span||12 to 16 years|
|coat type||short, dense, double|
|color||brindle, black, bridle and black, yellow, (sometimes with white markings)|
|Popularity||AKC. Not yet ranked by|
|heat tolerance||better than average|
|cold tolerance||better than average|
|penthouse||Low – A little hair around the house is to be expected but not too much|
|drooling||moderate – not particularly prone|
|obesity||Above average – can be prone if not fed properly, measure out food and make sure it gets enough activity|
|grooming / brushing||Low – Brush once a week|
|barking||Occasional – barks occasionally but not constantly|
|need exercise||High – Very active dog that needs very active owners|
|training ability||Easy to Moderate – Experience helps|
|Friendship||very good with socialization|
|good first dog||No – Best with experienced owner|
|nice family pet||Good to excellent with proper socialization and care|
|good with kids||very good if they are well behaved, socialized and trained|
|good with other dogs||Good to very good if they are well behaved, socialized and trained|
|good with other pets||Nice but needs to work properly, socialized and trained, has high prey drive|
|good with strangers||Moderate to Good – Requires socialization and supervision, can be wary and over-protective without proper training|
|nice apartment dog||No – need space and at least a large yard or even better some land|
|handles alone time well||Moderate – prefers not to be alone for long periods of time|
|health issues||Healthy breed but some issues can include bloat, obesity, hip dysplasia and ear infections|
|medical expenses||$485 per year for basic health care and pet insurance|
|food expenses||$250 per year for good quality dry dog food and treats|
|Miscellaneous expenses||$265 per year for license, toys, basic training, and miscellaneous items|
|average annual expenditure||$1000 as a starting figure|
|cost of purchase||$500|
|rescue organization||Also check out Mountain Cure Rescue Me, Virginia Mountain Cur Rescue, local shelters and rescues|
|bite figures||no one reported|
start of mountain cue
The Mountain Cure was developed when the dogs were brought to and developed in the mountainous regions of America by European settlers in the 1800s, first in Ohio, Tennessee, Kentucky and Virginia then bred to local dogs in Arkansas and Oklahoma. The dogs were bred to protect family and property from dangerous predators such as raccoons and squirrels to hunt as a tree hound and then to hunt larger animals such as boar and bear for food and fur for use and trade. Can hunt game. He was also kept as a companion. For a few centuries the settlers and the dogs lived like this. They were called Mountain Cures because of the mountainous regions they were originally used in, but could actually adapt to a wide variety of living conditions.
Then in the middle of the 20th century when the way of life changed a lot and people went to work in factories the number of dogs also decreased as it became less necessary. It was also affected by World War II and was actually close to becoming a rare breed by the late 1940s. Only a few owners of the original breed remained. It was also used for some time to herd and handle cattle and wild boar.
new lease on life
Four people are credited with saving the breed, Woody Huntsman of Kentucky, Hugh Stephens of Kentucky, Dewey Ledbetter of Tennessee, and Carl McConnell of Virginia. Together they founded the original Mountain Kar Breeders’ Association, although disagreements lead the two to leave and form a separate association. The idea of the OMCBA was to bring together a group of breeders who agreed on a standard for breeding. It is recognized by the UKC but not by the AKC. In the 1980s and 1990s a new breed was developed from the Mountain Cure called the Mountain View Cur.
the dog you see today
The Mountain Cure is a medium to large dog that weighs 30 to 60 pounds and stands 16 to 26 inches tall. It has a body that is slightly longer than it is long, so is mostly square in appearance with a straight back. Some have long legs and the tail is set low, straight, and some have a natural bob. It is a rugged and stocky dog that has been developed to be a working dog with a distinctive curvy look, it has cat-like feet, some with one or two dewclaws, and it has a deep chest.
It has a broad head, strong jaws and a muzzle slightly shorter than the length of its skull. The ears are folded or dropped and set high on the head. It has a strong neck and a black nose. Black eyes are quite prominent. This is a short coat dog, the coat is close, dense and has a nice and soft under coat. Common colors are yellow, brindle, blue, brown, black and there may be some white markings.
Inner Mountain Cure
It is important that if you wish to own a Mountain Cure that you are able to keep it as a working dog as well as a companion, as this is not a breed suitable only for the latter. It is very territorial, possessive and protective and this means that good socialization and training is absolutely essential as is strong and confident leadership. This is a dog for experienced owners, not newbies. It is a great watchdog and guard dog, it will let you know about any intruder and it will act to protect itself, its home and you. If it’s getting enough time to work or hunt it can be social and friendly but it certainly isn’t a docile or easygoing dog.
It is an intelligent dog and is generally happy to please you but it is not a walker. He said it should not be very aggressive, it would be brave and fierce when hunting or protecting but otherwise it should be respected and never afraid. If it is acting anxious, bored, overactive or destructive these are not signs of its personality, these are signs that your dog needs to work too much. It is quite extroverted but should be properly introduced to strangers with supervision so it doesn’t feel the need to challenge them.
living with mountain q
What would the training look like?
This breed is easy to train if you have experience and are firm and confident, although how easy it is can vary from dog to dog depending on things like breeding and temperament. Begin obedience training from an early age, along with socialization. Needs to know what the rules are and always needs to follow them, and also needs to be introduced to different people, places, sounds, situations, etc., so it doesn’t react too protectively or aggressively learns. Be positive with your approach, giving him encouragement and praise instead of scolding or punishing when he goes wrong. Make training interesting for this.
How active is Mountain Q?
Adequate activity, work, hunting, and mental stimulation are essential for this breed. It will not be happy in a home where it only gets a couple of walks a day, even if you make them long enough. It’s not just a companion dog. It was bred for a purpose and will only thrive in an environment where it gets the level of activity it needs. This is definitely not an apartment dog! This dog loves sports, although if you are going to train it and include it in a way it will enjoy it. Make sure it also gets time to play with you and that leash time is short where it can safely explore.
Caring for the Mountain Cur
Care and grooming of the Mountain Cure is not a complicated or involved process, its short coat can be easily taken care of with a brushing once or twice a week. It only sheds a little so there isn’t a lot of loose hair to deal with in the house, it’s not particularly heavy during seasonal times. The dog can easily develop skin problems so take care to use a proper shampoo for dogs that are sensitive and bathe him only when he really needs it so that you do not dry out his skin.
Other needs include keeping his ears free of hair and cleaning them by wiping them down with a canine ear cleaning solution, not by inserting anything into the ears. Also check them weekly for signs of infection like redness, swelling, discharge etc. You also need to keep its nails trimmed to a good length, using appropriate dog nail scissors or clippers. Take care not to cut too far though, as pain and bleeding can occur if you cut the part of the nail where there are blood vessels and nerves. Another routine you should make is brushing his teeth at least two to three times a week with a dog toothbrush and toothpaste.
Mountain Curs need a good diet given the kind of active life they lead. It is likely that they will eat 2 to 4 cups a day and this should be divided into at least two meals. The actual amount can change depending on a few things like health, age, size, metabolism and activity level. Also it should have access to water which is changed when possible.
How is Mountain Que with other animals and children?
It is important that the Mountain Cure receives the right care and activity level and is well socialized to be okay with children, other pets, and other dogs. Remember it has jealousy issues so some may not like sharing you with other animals and may challenge them. It really helps though when they are raised with other pets or with children. Also make sure children are taught how to properly interact with them, and always supervise when strange children come over to play.
what could go wrong?
The Mountain Cur has a life span of 12 to 16 years and is a fairly healthy breed but some issues to watch out for include obesity, allergies, hip dysplasia, ear infections and inflammation.
Mountain taxa have not been identified as causing physical harm in reports of dog attacks on people in the US and Canada over the past three and a half decades. Though this dog has the potential for aggression and some damage, with the right home, training and socialization, it can be coaxed into something.
Your Puppy’s Price Tag
A Mountain Cur puppy will cost around $500 or more depending on where you buy from. Take the time to find a reputable breeder and avoid places like backyard breeders, puppy mills or pet stores. You can expect to pay well into the one thousand and a few, possibly two if you find a top breeder. If you don’t have a pure breed there are shelters and rescues that you can check out as well. There are lots of dogs, many that are mixed or adult, that need a new home and a loving owner, and fees range from $50 to $400.
Then there is the initial health screening to pay for, this will require check ups, blood tests, deworming, micro chipping, neutering or spaying, vaccinations and about $290. Then there are the things he needs like a carrier, collar and leash, bed, bowls, crate and such which come to about $235.
Once you are a full-time dog owner, you will need finances to meet their ongoing needs for food, health, toys, and the like. Health basics like pet insurance, vaccinations, check ups, and flea, and tick prevention will be around $485 a year. A good quality food and treat would cost another $250 annually. Other miscellaneous costs such as basic training, licenses, toys, and miscellaneous items would be $265 per year. This means an annual estimated cost of $1000.
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The Mountain Cur is not a dog to get as a pet just because you want a dog for kids. It is a working dog, you should use it on a farm as a sporting dog, hunter, or guard. These are the roles it was developed for and it is not going to be a happy and calm and friendly dog if it is not getting the outlets it needs. It is also important that he has experienced, firm, and self-confident owners.